Klyashtorny S.G. Old Turkic Monuments of Runic Writing from Eastern Turkestan // Russian Expeditions to Central Asia at the Turn of the 20th Century / Collected articles. Edited by I.F. Popova. St Petersburg, Slavia Publishers, 2008. P. 50-64.
In 1896 the Russian Geographic Society handed over to the Asiatic Museum (IOM RAS) a sack of shreds of ancient manuscripts collected in Turfan oasis by the 1893-95 expedition of V.I. Roborovsky and P.K. Kozlov. The manuscript
fragments from a Buddhist cave monastery near Toyuq-Mazar
and from the ruins of Idiqutshari were initially sorted out by
A.O. Ivanovsky and S.F. Oldenburg; afterwards, in December
1897, they were examined by V.V. Radloff, who picked out four
Old Uighur fragments from the collection. Pointing out that
the fragments were too small to identify, V.V Radloff nevertheless
was able to classify them into two categories: documents in
scarcely legible cursive writing and Buddhist sutras in calligraphic
On October 10–11, 2019, the International Conference The Intellectual Traditions of Ismailis and Sufis. In a memory of W. A. Ivanow (1886–1970) will be held by the IOM RAS in cooperation with the Institute of Ismaili Studies, London.