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Vorobyova-Desyatovskaya M. A Sanskrit Manuscript on Birch-bark from Bairam-Ali. II. Avadāna and Jātaka (part 6) // Manuscripta Orientalia. Vol. 8, No 1, March 2002. P. 18-26.


Although there are no concrete indications, it appears that the avadānas and Jātakas that make up this section of the manuscript follow the ideas expressed by the Buddha in the Sahghabhedavastu, focusing on the chapter in which the Buddha expresses his concern for his subjects and discusses the ways of the righteous (Solicitudes of the Buddha). Setting out for Rājagrha for the season of rains, he invites his relatives and the followers of the teaching, for he has a presentiment that without him Devadatta will cause a schism in the community. This is, in fact, what happened. At that point, Śāriputra and Maudgalyāyana went to the Buddha and asked him to return and preach a sermon on the four meritorious men. The Buddha complied with their request, saying that a meritorious man should first erect a stūpa, placing holy relics connected with the Buddha in the foundation; or he should take care of a stūpa, adorning it with flowers, bringing holy water, etc. Secondly, he who has grasped the Teaching of the Buddha should spread it to the four corners of the earth. Thirdly — and this would appear to be the most important precept in this group of tales — he should put an end to conflicts within the community. Finally, he should, with an open heart, with hostility toward no one, without rivalry, without causing harm, performing the ritual of upasampada, live in a community, abide by its rules, and follow all precepts and rituals (including timely departure for the season of rains period with all other members of the community)...

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