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Tsendina A. A Work on the History of Buddhism in Mongolia // Manuscripta Orientalia. Vol. 8. No. 2. June 2002. P. 68—70.


The library of the St. Petersburg Branch of the Institute of Oriental Studies contains a typewritten manuscript in Russian (call number VII ж/эрд) entitled “What is the Cause of the Religions Professed by Mongol Tribes?”. The author is Erdenipel (Tib. E-rte-ni-’phel), the translators into Russian Rinčen (Tib. Rin-chen) and Sambu (Tib. Bzang-po ). The manuscript consists of 200 pages. The author, gabju (Tib. dka’-bcu) Erdenipel (1877–1960), was one of the most educated people in Mongolia and the first abbot of the Gandan Monastery (Tib. dGa’-ldan) in Ulan-Bator after the resumption of religious services there in 1944. He appears to have written his work in the 1930s, when he was compelled to leave the monastery because of the political persecution of Buddhist monks by the authorities in Mongolia. He may have undertaken his work at the behest of the Mongolian Scholarly Committee. Anyway, such a practice existed between the 1920s and 1930s. We know that the Scholarly Committee on several occasions commissioned works on the history of Mongolia by some learned lamas of name or secular writers. In discussing the construction of Erdeni Juu, Erdenipel remarks: “One can suggest that Erdeni Juu. from the day of its creation by Abatai Khan up to the 28th year of the Mongolian People's Republic, has been in existence as such for 353 years” (p. 156). He apparently takes here not the date of the Mongolian People’s Republic’s promulgation, 1924, but the date of Mongolia's attainment of independence in 1911, used in the past as a reference point for dates. This would mean that the work was finished in 1939, which correlates with the figure of 353 years that passed since the foundation of Erdeni Juu in 1586...

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буддизм в Монголии

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