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Alimov I. Song Biji 筆記 Authorial Collections: Preliminary Observations // Manuscripta Orientalia. Vol. 5. No. 3. September 1999. P. 39—48.


One of the major characteristics of Chinese culture is the continuity of its written tradition development. Over the centuries, canonical texts were copied and supplied with commentary, forming the basis for the concept of learning and laying the groundwork, by virtue of their very existence and ceaseless reproduction, for the emergence of new texts. The appearance of a written work was conditioned (and supported) by the existence of others. In their remarks on ancient events, authors relied on written works; the written text was perceived as the only historical testimony. The rigorous checking of reported accounts is a characteristic feature of Chinese literature; it is especially evident in those works which are traditionally considered historical. In presenting information about people and events in the 史記 (“Historical Notes”), Sima Qian'司馬遷 (?1451135 B.C.–?) frequently adds his own personal remarks, but only at the end of his writing, thus emphasizing his objectivity...

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