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Ogihara Hirotoshi. Miscellany on the Tumshuqese Documents: Part II // Pis'mennye pamiatniki Vostoka. Vol. 18, no. 3 (46), 2021, pp. 148–159.


The present article is part of the research on Tumshuqese (for Part I see Central Asiatic Journal, 2020, vol. 63, no. 1–2. pp. 11–24). Among Middle Iranian languages, linguistic research on Tumshuqese has been much delayed because of the insufficient documentation, and the lack of the parallel texts written in other languages which leads to the comparative study. However, the secular documents, especially the contracts, are the most important material for the linguistic study of this language in view of the fact [1] that Tumshuqese contracts offer the best preserved texts and [2] that some passages are comparable to the contracts written in other Central Asian languages. In this paper, an attempt will be made to elucidate following Tumshuqese words attested in the secular documents: the numerals tshārsa ‘forty’, hodad1a ‘seventy’, sod1u ‘hundred’, dṛd1a- ‘third’ and words of measure jaha- and khaa- in addition to a noun dau/do ‘gift’. Among them, the numerals tshārsa ‘forty’ and hodad1a ‘seventy’ are recognized for the first time. Although other words have been more or less known to scholars, different meaning and/or analysis have been assigned to them.

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Keywords


contracts
Middle Iranian languages
numerals
secular documents
words of measure

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