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Zorin A. On the Version of Vajracchedikā-prajñāpāramitā-sūtra Used in the 18th Century Kalmyk Scrolls // Revue d’Etudes Tibétaines, No. 58, 2021. P. 237—266.


The Tibetan collection kept at the Institute of Oriental Manuscripts, RAS, includes a number of items acquired by the Library of the Saint Petersburg Academy of Sciences in the 18th century. Kalmyk manuscripts comprise an important part of them, being probably the world’s biggest collection of the Kalmyk texts in Tibetan produced at the time. Some of these texts seem to have been found and brought to Saint Petersburg after a significant part of the Kalmyks migrated from the steppe region of southwestern Russia to their historical homeland Dzungaria, in 1771. Without doubt, these are precious documents for the study of the Kalmyk book culture, bilingual from the very beginning as Tibetan was used along with Oirat (Kalmyk). They can be divided into two main parts: 1) bundles of loose folios and 2) scrolls made to be inserted into the Buddhist prayer wheels.

In 2018–2019, two big scrolls of this kind, Tib. 960 and Tib. 963,4 were conserved and scrutinized...

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Keywords


Buddhist scrolls
Dunhuang manuscripts
Kalmyk manuscripts
Tibetan manuscripts
Vajracchedikā

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