By the beginning of the 20th century, a unique collection of Hebrew manuscripts (more than 20,000 units) and first printed books was formed in the capital of the Russian Empire. These books ended up in St. Petersburg as part of several private collections, such as the collection of a Protestant paleographer and Biblical scholar Konstantin von Tischendorf, of the Karaite leader Avraam Firkovich, of the Archimandrite Antonin Kapustin, of the Barons Gunzburg, of a First Guild merchant Moses Aryeh Leib Friedland and of an Orientalist Professor Daniel Chwolson. The history of these collections and the motives for the collecting activity of their owners are the subject of this article.
Boris Yeltsin Presidential Library and IOM RAS will host the International Academic Conference “Russia’s International Relations under Peter the Great” on November 24, 2022. The conference program is now available.