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Mongolica. Vol. XXII, 2019, No. 1. In commemoration of the 120th anniversary of the birth of Russian mongolist Leonid Sergeevich Puchkovsky / Ed. by I.V.Kulganek (editor-in-chief ), D. A. Nosov (secretary) et al. St Petersburg, 2019. 106 p. ISSN 2311-5939.


CONTENTS

Leonid Sergeevich Puchkovsky — his life and academic heritage (N. S. Yakhontova, I. V. Kulganek, A. V. Zorin, D. A. Nosov) — 6

HISTORIOGRAPHY, SOURCE STUDIES

E. V. Asalkhanova. Artist of the St. Petersburg Buddhist Temple Osor Budaev (1887–1937) — 32 The article is a supplemented and amended version of the report On the Issues of Reconstructing the Biography and Attributing Some Works of Osor Budaev (1887–1937), an Artist and Decorator of the St. Petersburg Buddhist Temple read on October, 16 2015 at the International Scientific Conference On the 100-annivercary of the founding of the St. Petersburg Buddhist Temple Datsan Gunzechoinei, which was held at the State Hermitage, St. Petersburg. The article focuses on the life and works of the outstanding Buryat artist Osor Budaev, one of whose masters who decorated the St. Petersburg Buddhist temple (1909–1915). His role in this process was particularly important. Thus, he largely contributed to the construction and decoration of the main altar of the St. Petersburg Buddhist temple. He painted the very important symbolic composition Bhavachakra (now in the collection of the State Museum of the history of religion in St. Petersburg) and eight large monumental thang-ka depicting sixteen arhats, main disciples of Buddha Sakyamuni. Perhapse, these works are situated in the State Museum of the history of religion too. Osor Budaev may also create a wooden carving with mineral color painting in the St. Petersburg Buddhist temple. Some paintings by Osor Budaev are also examined in regard of their composition, style of painting, his interest to the European art system, linear and air perspective, a treatment of light and shade, using of oil paints and ets. Artist began to combine the two different systems (East and West) in a single composition. Modern Buryat artists tend to mix these different systems and follow their own inspiration in the search of a national identity. Key words: Buddhist scroll painting, thang-ka painting, bhavachakra, sixteen arhats, the St. Petersburg Buddhist temple, Buryatia, Osor Budaev

A. V. Zorin, A. A. Sizova. On the collection of books and paintings brought by B. Ya. Vladimircov from Beijing in 1926 — 45 This paper introduces some new data on the so-called Fifth B. Ya. Vladimirtsov Collection preserved in the Mongolian Fund of the IOM RAS. The documents regarding its transfer found in the St. Petersburg Branch of the Archives of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the IOM RAS Archives of the Orientalists allowed to ascertain that the items brought by B. Ya. Vladimirtsov from Beijing in 1926 were not limited with the sixteen books registered by L. S. Puchkovsky and A. G. Sazykin in their studies, the latter’s list missing one of the books. The entire list included 43 entries: manuscripts, block prints, lithographs, imprints in Mongolian and Manchu, as well as some bilingual and trilingual books, and paintings. Moreover, it turned out that in 1927 B. Ya. Vladimirtsov passed seven more items to the Asiatic Museum. Key words: B. Ya. Vladimirtsov, Mongolian books, icons, collection of the Asiatic Museum

L. V. Kuras, I. S. Tsyrempilova. Religion as public space of politics. Thoughts of historiographers about the monograph “Christianization of the Kalmyks in the context of internal and external policy of Russia (middle of XVII — beginning XX c.)” by Orlova K. V. М., 2018 — 49 The basis of historiographical thoughts by the authors of the article have become the monograph of famous scientist and scholar of the religion Orlova K. V., which is dedicated to the problem of Christianization of the Kalmyks. The activity of the Russian Orthodox Church (the ROC) in the current research is inherent in internal and external policy of the Russian Empire is regarded to be the merit of the author. Moreover, the Russian Orthodox Church is considered a lead and ideologist in the process of incorporation of the Kalmyks in public space of politics. Concurrently with analysis of the monograph the authors examine the situation with modern historiography of the problem of missionary work of the ROC for Mongolians, thereby supposing opportunity for further research. Key words: the Russian Empire, religion, Christianization of the Kalmyks, the Russian Orthodox Church, Orthodox mission, Mongolian peoples, sociocultural integration

FOLKLORE STUDIES

T.G. Basangova. Cat as a character of Kalmyk folklore — 55 The article presents a brief description of the image of a cat in Kalmyk folklore, as presented in some narrative genres — myths, fairy tales, proverbs. Key words: cat, Kalmyk folklore, myth, narrative structure, zoonym

RELATED DISCIPLINES

O. V. Lundysheva. Tocharian B manuscripts in M.M. Berezovsky’ collection: a bilingual Udānavarga Fragment — 58 The article is an edition of a newly found Sanskrit-Tocharian В Bilingual Udānavarga fragment (Uv 7.5c– Uv 7.7a; Uv 7.12b–8.1a–b) kept in the Serindian Collection of the IOM RAS. It contains the transliteration and transcription of the bilingual text as well as Tocharian B text reconstruction. There are suggestions concerning the reconstruction of this pothi folio. Key words: Udānavarga, sanskrit-tocharian В bilingual, textology, manuscriptology

THE ARCHIVES OF ORIENTALISTS

M. I. Tubyansky. Some problems of the pre-revolutionary Mongolian literature. Foreword, re-edition, notes and appendix by T. V. Yermakova and E. P. Ostrovskaya — 64 The paper presents the re-edition of one of the best works in Mongolian studies by Russian Eastern studies scholar M. I. Tubyansky (1893–1937), who worked in Mongolia since 1927 till 1936. The paper formulates the principles of research methodology in the sphere of Mongolian literature studies, gives the analysis and classification of the contents of Mongolian literature before the revolution in 1921. The classification is made according to the system of Mongolian culture. M. I. Tubyansky demonstrated that Mongolian authors in the feudal period created substantial massive of literature in Tibetan language, playing the role of national literary tradition and widely spreading in the Central Asia. The paper was written as a critical comment on the article by correspondent member of USSR Academy of Sciences N. N. Poppe Tasks and perspectives of the study of Mongolian language and literature published in the journal Modern Mongolia, 1935, no. 3. Tubyansky’s article was published in the same journal with editorial board note Published in the context of discussion. Henceforward the most authoritative philologists characterized the article as a significant and valuable, but political reasons practically excluded it from usage in Asian studies. The present publication is based on the edition: Tubyansky M. I. Some problems of the pre-revolutionary Mongolian literature // Modern Mongolia. 1935. No. 5 (12). P. 7–31. Key words: Mongolia, Mongolian people’s republic, Mongolian literature before the revolution in 1921, M. I. Tubyansky, N. N. Poppe, Modern Mongolia journal, theoretical problems of the studies of the Mongolian literature

REVIEWS

I. V. Kulganek. Round table «Mongolian Studies in St. Petersburg: a retrospective and modernity» — 87

ANNIVERSARIES

Anniversary of the historian and orientalist Alexander Ivanovich Andreev (by T.I. Yusupova) — 89

To the 70th anniversary of S. G. Batyreva, Doctor of Arts, Honorary Member of the Russian Academy of Arts, Honored Artist of the Republic of Kalmykia (by E. V. Asalkhanova) — 91

IN MEMORIAM

In memory of Pavel Leonovich Grokhovsky (by V.L. Uspensky) — 93

OUR TRANSLATIONS

V. Inzhinash. Red Chamber of Tears. The Novel. Chapters twelve and thirteen (translated from Classical Mongolian by L. G. Skorodumova) — 95

Information about the authors — 105

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Keywords


Puchkovsky, Leonid

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