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Kamalov A. Uyghur Memoir Literature in Central Asia on Eastern Turkestan Republic (1944—49) // Studies on Xinjiang Historical Sources in 17—20th Centuries. Ed. by J. Millward, Shinmen Yasushi, Sugawara Jun. Tokyo: the Toyo Bunko, 2010. P. 257—278.


In the 1940s the Turkic Muslim population of the western province of China -Xinjiang (Eastern Turkestan) acquired great political significance. During that very complicated period in Chinese and world history when China was divided into two primary warring factions - that of Kuomintang and that of the Communist Party, in the northwestern districts of Xinjiang neighboring Soviet Kazakhstan (the IIi district) a Revolution of the local Muslim people broke out in 1944, and the formation of the Eastern Turkestan Republic (ETR), a pro-Soviet nationalist State was proclaimed. The ETR existed until 1949 when the whole of China was united under Communist power. The appearance of the Muslim Turkic State independent from China in the region bordering with the former Soviet Republics was an important event in the modern History of Central Asia. It influenced the national identity of the local Uyghurs and Kazakhs of Xinjiang as well as that of relative peoples in Soviet Central Asia...

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