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Pang T.A. A Historical Sketch of the Study and Teaching of the Manchu Language in Russia (First part: up to 1920) // Central Asiatic Journal. Vol. 35. No. 1-2. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 1991. P. 123—137.


The study of the Manchu language in Russia began with the establishment of trade and diplomatic relations between Russia and Ch’ing-dynasty China. The interpreters taking part in border negotiations and in the caravan trade usually knew the Chinese, Manchu and Mongolian languages. This multilingual ability was necessary because all official Ch’ing documents from the 17th century to the 19th century were issued in all three languages. The Chinese language was spoken by the bulk of China’s population; Manchu was the official state language, used for diplomatic negotiations; Mongolian was used in Sino-Russian political relations, and all the documents going from Urga to China proper were copied out in this language as well. As P. E. Skackov noted, “Russian sinology is characterized by the equal significance of the Chinese, Manchu and Mongolian languages from the very start... In fact, research in Manchu studies, for example, played a big role during the first stages of the establishment of sinology [in Russia]”...

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Keywords


Grebenshchikov, Alexander
Manchu studies in Russia
Rossochin, Illarion
the Russian Orthodox Mission in Peking
Vasilyev, Vasily
Zacharov, Ivan

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