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Gadjiev M., Shikhsaidov A. The Darband-nāma on Hārun Al-Rashīd and a Newly Discovered Arabic Inscription from A. H. 176 // Manuscripta Orientalia. Vol. 8. No. 3. September 2002. P. 3—10.


Among the vast manuscript legacy of the peoples of Daghestan, of especial historical interest is the well known sixteenth – seventeenth century work Darhand-nāma by Muḥammad Awwābī Aqtāshī [1]. In his work, the author refers not only to Arab and Persian writers of the ninth – tenth centuries (al-Balādhurī, al-Ya‘qūbī, al-Tabarī, al-Kūfī, etc.), but local medieval chronicles that have not come down to us. The Darband-nāma contains important historical information. Of special note is its treatment of the activities of caliph Hārūn al-Rashid (r. 786-809) and his Caucasian governors in Derbent (Arab. Bāb al-abwāb). The text runs that “when the date reached the one hundred seventy- third year (A. D. 789/90), Hārūn al-Rashid sent Khuzayma ibn Ḥāzim out with an army. He restored the ruined places in Derbent, provided Derbent with running water, built bridges in various places, and improved and developed Derbent. He sent to Hārūn al-Rashid those people who had committed unseemly deeds. When Hārūn al-Rashid himself arrived in Derbent, he did much to build up [the city]. He ran irrigation trenches to Dcrbcnt. built mills. [and] gave orders to plant many orchards and gardens. He also ordered that [funds] be collected [for] maintaining the irrigation trenches from profits from agriculture and orchards. He freed the residents of Derbent from mill fees. Expenses (kharj) for the maintenance of mills were [to come] from profits from agriculture and orchards. He built granaries and mosques in each neighbourhood. [As a result of his activities] Derbent became a comfortable place to live. Hārūn al-Rashid gathered the inhabitants of Derbent, when he arrived from the capital of the caliphate to this city, gave them instruction and came back [to the capital]”...

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Дербент
Харун ар-Рашид

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