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Serikoff N. Identifying “Acephalous” Manuscripts // Manuscripta Orientalia. Vol. 6. No. 4. December 2000. P. 30—33.


Since Arabic manuscripts began to be collected over the last five centuries in Europe, European librarians seem to have come to distinguish between "good" and "bad" manuscripts. A “good” manuscript is a complete manuscript, with the beginning and the end, written in clear handwriting, and preferably a holograph copy. A “good” manuscript traditionally must have a beginning containing information on its provenance and authorship. Such information includes an invocatio (or in Arabic basmala), followed by the name of the author (or his pen-name) introduced by the word qāla (“said”), definition of the subject of the book, and its title after the words wa-samaituhu (“... and I called it ...”). All manuscripts lacking these features are automatically considered deficient or “bad”, since the lack of the indications enumerated above for a “good” manuscript impedes unambiguous identification of manuscripts and their classification. In other words, such “bad” manuscripts cannot be easily catalogued because of the lack of necessary data about their authors, scribes, and exact titles...

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