of the Orient
Journal based in 2004
Selected Materials as a *.PDF file
R.N. Krapivina, N.S. Yakhontova. Tibeto-Mongolian Verses
in the Tibetan-Mongolian Dictionary “Ocean of Names” — 5
The publication supplies a transliteration and translation of Tibetan-Mongolian four-lined verses
included in the 3rd part of the Tibetan-Mongolian dictionary “Ocean of Names”. They precede the list
of words for each letter and are a kind of Buddhist blessings given by the author to the readers. At the
same time, they follow the tradition of special mnemonical verses assisting in memorizing the Tibetan
alphabet. A brief linguistic account of Tibetan-Mongolian translation methods applied by the authors
is provided as well.
Key words: Tibetan-Mongolian “Ocean of Names” dictionary, translations from Tibetan into
Mongolian, Buddhist blessings, ka-preng tradition
Vasubandhu, “Abhidharmakośa” (“Encyclopaedia of Abhidharma”):
The Prophetical Fragment of Section “Samādhi-nirdeśa”
(“Teaching on Meditation”). Preface, Translation from Sanskrit
and Commentary by H.P. Ostrovskaya — 28
Prophecies about the inevitable extinction of the Buddha’s teaching were made even in the earliest
canonical texts and variously repeated over centuries, exerting serious ideological influence on the evolution of Buddhism. The present paper contains a commented translation of the prophetical fragment
of Sanskrit text of “Samādhi-nirdeśa” from the eighth section of the Encyclopaedia of Abhidharma
(Abhidharmakośa) ascribed to the Buddhist thinker Vasubandhu (4th–5th centuries). This is
the first translation of the text, based on the edition: Abhidharmakośabhāṣya. Ed. by P. Pradhan.
Poona, 1967, 459–460.
Key words: Abhidharma, Abhidharmakośa, Buddhism, Buddhist written heritage of early medieval
India, Vasubandhu, Dharma, prophecies about the inevitable extinction of the Dharma, Samādhinirdeśa,
K.M. Bogdanov. A Tangut Ritual Text with Non-Buddhist
Religious Elements — 39
This article is a short description of an unknown ritual funeral text from IOM, RAS Tangut fund.
This text is interesting because it probably contains Bon religion elements or archaic local belief traits
transformed by Buddhist ritual. A complete and correct understanding of the text is difficult because
of the specific characteristics of its language and content. In this article, I present only the first and
general textological analysis of some more or less leg of the text and interpretation of its content.
Without any doubt from the point of view of its historical and religious content, this text deserves
further research work.
Key words: IOM, RAS Tangut collection, Bardo, Tangut Buddhism, Bon, funeral ritual
S.L. Burmistrov. Store Consciousness as a Basis for Saṃsāra
and Nirvāṇa in Early Yogācāra — 58
The concept of store consciousness in early Yogācāra is a metaphor for both nirvāṇa and saṃsāra,
which makes Yogācāra philosophy close to Mādhyamaka. Store consciousness forms saṃsāra, but
also contains the seeds of good making every sentient being apt to gain Bodhi.
Key words: nirvāṇa, saṃsāra, store consciousness, ālayavijñāna, Asanga, Vijñānavāda
E.V. Tanonova. The Subject of the “Endless Clothes”
of a Heroine in the “Mahābhārata” and in a Telugu Epic — 73
The article is dedicated to the popular story of “the miracle of endless clothes”. It is described in
the book of Sabha how the rivals of the main heroes the Kauravas attempted to disrobe the spouse of the Pandavas Draupadi. The result of research is the emergence of God of law Dharma as
an advocate of Draupadi, the relation of Dharma and clothes. The fact that the author of the
Andhramahabharata, Nannaya Bhattudu, adopted these ancient models into a medieval literary work
composed in the Telugu language stresses its importance.
Key words: Draupadī, violence towards a heroine, Dharma god, clothes in Indian epic, Mahābhārata,
HISTORY AND HISTORIOGRAPHY
O.M. Chunakova. An Unpublished Sogdian Document SI 5396
from the Serindian Fund of the Institute of Oriental Manuscripts,
Russian Academy of Sciences — 83
The article deals with a previously unpublished Sogdian document SI 5396 from the Serindian
Fund of the IOM, RAS, containing the Sogdian transcription of two Parthian Manichaean hymns.
These hymns are parts of two cycles of the psalms attributed to Mani. The Sogdian document SI 5396
is unique because it is a very beautifully written text containing fragments of two Parthian hymns,
which have virtually no gaps. It is important as it clarifies the reading of other manuscripts and has
glosses which show that the user of this document was an educated man, who knew Parthian grammar.
The article contains a transliteration and translation of the hymns
K.G. Marandjian. The Japanese Confucian Thinker Ito Jinsai
and His “Questions from Children” (“Dojimon”) — 89
The article is focused on the writing of the Japanese Confucian thinker Ito Jinsai Questions from
Children, which, in a concise form, states his interpretation of the Confucian learning. The special
emphasis is laid upon the problem of “classical books” the choice of which marked the reader’s affiliation
with various trends in Confucianism. The article is supplied with a translation of fragment
(seven questions) from Questions from Children on the subject.
Key words: Japanese Confucianism, Ito Jinsai, Questions from Children, Dojimon, classical books
COLLECTIONS AND ARCHIVES
S.G. Elisséeff. Political Impressions of the summer of 1917.
The Ministry of Terauti, the Diplomatic Council and the
Japanese Trade in the First Half of 1917. Publication,
Introduction and Commentaries by
S.I. Marakhonova — 100
The work is housed in the Orientalists’ Archives of the Institute of Oriental Manuscripts of the
Russian Academy of Sciences (F. 16, 1, No. 2) and dates back to the middle of October, 1917. Elisséeff’s
report is based on the Japanese press data and deals with the political and especially economic
situation in Japan a year after the signing of the Russian-Japanese alliance in the summer of 1916.
The author gives a lot of statistics whereby the beginning of industrial increase of Japan during the
First World War already is evident. He sees the premises of this fast growth in the great number of
orders for military goods given to Japan by the fighting European countries and in transferring the Far
Eastern sales markets to Japan.
Key words: S.G. Elisséeff, Japanese politics, Japanese economy, World War I, industrialization in
Documents on the Scholarly Work of V. S. Vorobyev-
Desiatovskii from the Archives of Orientalists IOM,
RAS. Preface, publication, footnotes by
T.V. Ermakova — 112
The topic of the preface is a complex description of V. S. Vorobyev-Desiatovskii’s (1927–1956)
contribution to the development of Indian paleography and especially to the description and cataloguing
of the Buddhist part of Indian collection of the Institute of Oriental Manuscripts, RAS. Vorobyev-
Desiatovskii’s approach to description and cataloguing of manuscripts is considered at first. The core
of his approach is not only paleographic description but also exposure of the historical and cultural
value of a manuscript and investigation into the history of the collection. Documents on the scholarly
work of V.S. Vorobyev-Desiatovskii and on his participation in Soviet-Indian cultural contacts from
the Archives of Orientalists IOM, RAS, are published for the first time.
Key words: Indian collection of the Institute of Oriental manuscripts, RAS, V.S. Vorobyev-
Desiatovskii, Soviet-Indian cultural connections, Indian paleography
I.V. Bazilenko. The Eighth European Conference of Iranian
Studies (St. Petersburg, September 15–19, 2015) — 122
T.A. Pang. The Annual IOM Academic Session “The Written
Heritage of the Orient as the Basis for Classical Tradition of
Oriental Studies” (St. Petersburg, December 9–11, 2015) — 124
V.P. Ivanov. Open lectures of IOM RAS in 2015 — 130
Olga V. Diakova. Pohai State: Archaeology, History, Politics.
Moscow: Nauka; Vostochnaya Literatura, 2014. —
319 p.: ill. (T.A. Pang) — 135
M. Sergeev. The Theory of Religious Cycles: Tradition,
Modernity, and the Baha’i Faith. Leiden; Boston: Brill,
2015. — 161 p. (Yu.A. Ioannesyan) — 137
Ulrich Timme Kragh. Tibetan Yoga and Mysticism.
A Textual Study of the Yogas of Nāropa and Mahāmudrā
Meditation in the Medieval Tradition of Dags po. — Tokyo:
The International Institute for Buddhist Studies of the International
College for Postgraduate Buddhist Studies (Studia Philologica
Buddhica Monograph Series XXXII), 2015. — 708 p.
(Ye.S. Bushuev) — 140
One Hundred and Eight Buddist Icons Housed at the Institute
of Oriental Manuscripts, RAS. M.B. Iokhvin, L.I. Kriakina,
A.V. Zorin. Ed. by A.V. Zorin. Consultant A.A. Terentyev. —
St. Petersburg: Peterburgskoie Vostokovedeniie, 2013. —
240 p. (E.V. Ivanova) — 144