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The Sacred Books of Zoroastrianism. Transliteration, transcription, commented translation of three Pahlavi texts [Священные книги зороастризма. Транслитерация, транскрипция, комментированный перевод трех пехлевийских текстов], bу Aliy I. Kolesnikov. St. Petersburg: Nauka, 2019. 187 p. ISBN 978-5-02-040535-6


The book includes three Zoroastrian Middle Persian texts translated into Russian. The first one is the Fifth book of Denkard compiled in IX‒X centuries CE from the earlier sources, being a collection of the principal knowledge of Zoroastrianism. The Fifth book relates to the genre of polemic literature, based on a dialogue, i. e. answers of a learned Zoroastrian to questions of adherents of other religious confessions. It can be considered as the catechism of Zoroastrian religion. The first Russian commented translation of the Fifth book is forestalled by both transliteration and transcription of the original Pahlavi text.

The second text represents the fragment from the Fourth book of Denkard, which relates the history of Zoroastrian scriptures in ancient and early medieval Iran under protection of the mighty defenders of Zoroastrian religion, such as the kings Wishtasp, Walash, Ardashir I, Shapur I, Shapur II and Khusro I Anoshurvan. The commented Russian translations of complicated and ambiguous passages are supplied with the adequate transcription of the original Pahlavi text when necessary.

The third text is «The Book of the Righteous Wiraz ( Ardā Wirāz nāmag)» compiled in early Islamic times, but based on the earlier, Sasanian-period, sources. It can be attributed to visionary literature because it describes the journey of Wiraz's soul to the other (spiritual) world and its impressions after the observations on delights in the paradise and on horrors in the hell. The Russian translation of Ardā Wirāz nāmag is supplied by a commentary without transliteration of the original Pahlavi text.

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Keywords


Ardā Wirāz nāmag
"The Book of the Righteous Wiraz"
Denkard
Pahlavi
Zoroastrianism

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