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The St. Petersburg Muraqqa‘. Album of Indian and Persian Miniatures from the 16th through the 18th Century and Specimens of Persian Calligraphy by ‘Imād al-Ḥasanī / Project Conception and Consulting by Francesca von Habsburg. Milano: Leonardo Arte, 1996.

In 2017, this Album of Indian and Persian Miniatures from the 16th through the 18th Century and Specimens of Persian Calligraphy was included in the UNESCO list 'Memory of the World'.


Introduction. Francesca von Habsburg — 7

St. Petersburg’s Oriental Pearl. Yury A. Petrosyan — 9

Indian Paintings in the St. Petersburg Muraqqa‘. Stewart Cary Welch — 11

The Compiling and Decoration of the Album. Anatoly Ivanov — 19

Persian Miniatures. Anatoly Ivanov — 33

The Calligraphy of the St. Petersburg Album. Oleg Akimushkin — 39

Catalogue — 47

Register of the Facsimile Appendices — 130

Acknowledgments — 153

Photograph Credits — 156

The Authors

A. I. - Dr. Prof. Anatoly A. Ivanov: Head of the Oriental Department, and Senior Research Fellow, Hermitage State Museum, St. Petersburg. His main area of research is the art of Iran during the Middle Ages. Prof. Ivanov earned his degree from the Leningrad State University. He is the author of more than ninety publications.

G. B. - Gauvin Bailey: Doctoral Candidate, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusettes. Dr. Bailey is completing his Ph.D at Harvard University and his area of interest is the impact of European art on the art of Islamic cultures during the Age of Discovery (16th to 17th centuries) and Mughal painting. Dr. Bailey has worked at the Royal Ontario Museum in Toronto, the Fogg and Sackler Museums of Harvard University, and has participated in the organisation of exhibitions at The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. He has published articles on Persian ceramics of the Timurid and Safavid periods, Safavid and Mughal painting, the Astronomical projects of Maharaja Sawai Singh of Jaipur, and the art and architecture of the Jesuits in India.

M. B. - Prof. Milo Beach: Director of the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, National Museums of Asian Art for the United States, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. He was formerly Chairman of the Department of Art, Williams College. His recent publications include Mughal and Rajput Painting, Cambridge University Press, 1992 and Early Mughal Painting, Harvard University Press, 1987.

S. C. W. - Prof. Stewart Cary Welch: Curator of Islamic and Late Indian Art, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, Massachusettes, and Professor Emeritus of Harvard University (July 1995). Professor Welch is also Senior Lecturer in the Harvard University Fine Arts Department, Honorary Curator of Manuscripts in the Harvard College Library, and a consultant for the Islamic Art Department of The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, where from 1979 to 1987 he was Head of the of the Department of Islamic Art. He is the author of numerous publications on Mughal and Deccani painting.

M. L. S. - Dr. Marie Lukens Swietochowski: Curator of the Islamic Department, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.

N. N. H. - Dr. Navina Najat Haidar: Specialist of Islamic and Late Indian Art, Oxford. She was educated at the universities of Delhi, London and Oxford. Her Doctoral research concentrated on the Kishergarh school of painting. Dr. Haidar spent the academic year 1994-95 at the Harvard University Art Museums where she was working in the Department of Islamic and Late Indian Art.

O. A. - Dr. Prof. Oleg F. Akimushkin: Head of Middle Eastern Studies Department of the St. Petersburg Branch of the Institute of Oriental Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg. Dr. Akimushkin is also the Chairman of the Kurdish Studies Group, of the same Branch. An acknowledged specialist of Persian and Islamic studies, his main areas of research include: the art of Islamic manuscripts, Islamic codicology and tex- tology, Medieval through 18th century history of Iran, Central Asia (Mawerannahr) and Eastern Turkesta, and the Brotherhood of Persian mysticism. He is the author of more than 200 publications

T. Mcl. - Terence Mclnemey: Scholar of Indian Art, New York.


The entire catalogue


Indian art
Mughal Paintings
Persian art
the St. Petersburg Muraqqa‘

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