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Transactions of the Archives of Orientalists of the Institute of Oriental Manuscripts, RAS. Edited by Irina Popova. Issue No 1. Studies of Orientalists at the time of the Leningrad Blockade (1941-1944). Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura Publishers, 2011.


CONTENTS

Foreword - 5

A.N. Boldyrev. The “Journal of Day-to-Day Management” and events in the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Academy of Sciences of USSR. Preface and publication by I.K. Pavlova - 7
The “Journal o f Day-to-Day Management” [Archives of Orientalists. F. 152. Inv. la, unit 811] was kept by the outstanding scholar, specialist in Iranian literature A.N. Boldyrev (1909-1993) from December 1943 till May 1945, when he was a researcher of the IOS and representative of the Institute in Leningrad (08.05.1943 - 25.07.1945) at the time of the Leningrad Blockade. The “Journal” and other documents published in the appendices are very important for study of A.N. Boldyrev’s biography, because in the years of work at the Academy of Science his name became throughout the academic world.
Keywords: Researcher of Iranian studies A.N. Boldyrev, archival materials, personal documents, the Leningrad Blockade, the first publication

Selected Letters of Andrei Borisov to Pavel Kokovtsov. Preface and publication by N.S. Smelova, E.O. Shukhman - 33
The article contains a publication of selected letters of a notable Russian Semitologist Andrey Yakovlevich Borisov (1903-1942) to the Academician Pavel Konstantinovich Kokovtsov (1861-1942), Borisov’s University teacher and a prominent scholar in the field of Semitic Studies. Both scholars died tragically during the Blockade of Leningrad. The preface contains biographical data and an outline of the fruitful and versatile research of both scholars, which was so vividly presented in the letters of Borisov. The first letter is probably the most interesting of all as it was written in Hebrew in a very high and elaborate style and it can be dated to 1924 when Borisov first came to Leningrad from Tartu and was aspiring to become a student of Kokovtsov at the Leningrad University. He describes dramatically his learning and his amazing achievements in reading Hebrew literature. Other letters, which are dated back up to the end of the 1930s, discuss various subjects in the general field of Semitic Studies, but mainly Judeo-Arabic literature in the manuscripts of the Firkovich Collection at the Russian National Library and the Aramaic inscriptions from ancient Iran and Palmyra. The last letter published in the article is addressed to Ignatiy Yulianovich Krachkovskiy (1883-1951) and was written by Borisov in January 1942, a few days after the death of Kokovtsov and a few months before his own untimely demise. This letter contains valuable information about both Kokovtsov’s and Borisov’s families and early life and shows the origins of their specific interest in Semitic studies.
Keywords: A.Y. Borisov, P.K. Kokovtsov, letters, Semitology, Jewish-Arabic literature, Aramaic epigraphy

Y.V. Bunakov. On the meaning of the so-called “literary revolution” in China. Preface and publication by I.F. Popova - 70
The published article, written in 1930, is the first major research by Yuri Vladimirovich Bunakov (1908-1942) who died during the Leningrad Blockade. Y.V. Bunakov mostly studied the history of Chinese writing and language, this work falls within his early research interests. The article on the “literary revolution” in China is interesting as an example of study in of literature in the 1930s, when scholars brought up in the classical Petersburg Orientalist tradition tried to develop their analysis in compliance with the mainstream interpretations of Marxist ideology which were dominant at that time. The text is kept in Y.V. Bunakov’s personal fund in the Archives of Orientalists of the Institute of Oriental Manuscripts, RAS (F. 84. Inv. 1, unit 88). It is published for the first time.
Keywords: Y.V. Bunakov, history of Chinese literature, literary revolution

A.N. Genko. On transferring the Adygei alphabetical system to the Russian (Cyrillic) basis. Preface and publication by A.I. Alieva - 104
The article of an outstanding scholar in Caucasian studies, a researcher of Central and Eastern Caucasian languages and languages of Transcaucasia A.N. Genko (1896-1941) is kept along with many other unpublished papers in the Archives of Orientalists of the Institute of Oriental Manuscripts, Russian Academy of Sciences (F. 74. Inv. 1, unit 117). The subject of this article is an analysis of the project of the new Adygei alphabet based on the Russian alphabet, which was published in Nalchik in 1937.
Keywords: A.N. Genko, Caucasian Studies, Adygei spelling reform

A.V. Grebenschikov. The Code of Manchu Shamanic Rites. Preface and publication by T.A. Pang - 117
Aleksandr Vasilievich Grebenschikov (1880-1941) was one of the leading Russian specialists in the Manchu language and culture. Before World War II, during his work at the Institute of Oriental Studies, he made a full Russian translation from the Manchu language edition of “The Imperially approved Code of Manchu shamanic rites”. The typewritten manuscript and its draft are kept at the Orientalists’Archives (F. 75. Inv. 1, unit. 72, folder 1, p. 16-28). An abstract from the first fascicle of his translation (p. 16-28) concerning the rules of shamanic sacrifices at the Manchu court is published here.
Keywords: A.V. Grebenschikov, Manchu, Shamanism, the “Code of Manchu Shamanic Rites”, the Orientalists’ Archives

Р.Р. Ivanov. Central Asia and Kazakhstan in the second half of the 18 century. Preface and publication by E.I. Serova - 134
The article is written by Pavel Petrovich Ivanov (1893-1942), an outstanding Russian historian of Central Asia. Since 1938, it is Kept in the Archives of the Orientalists at the Institute of Oriental Manuscripts, RAS (F. 124. Inv. 1, unit 35) and represents a short review of political and economic history of some Central Asian khanates, such as the Khanate of Bukhara, Khiva, Kokand. It also dwells upon some questions of the Kazakh history in the second half of the 18th century. It possibly served as a basis for the writing of several chapters of his major work Studies on the History of Central Asia in the 16th- mid-19th cc. which was published in 1958 after the scholar’s death. Undoubtedly the article which was written in the late thirties of the last century, and now requires some additions in view of the new research and materials, but thanks to its concise language, deep historical analysis and selection of facts, it still represents great scientific interest. This is its first publication.
Keywords: P.P. Ivanov, Central Asia, Kazakhstan, Studies on the History of Central Asia, the Khanate of Bukhara, the Khanate of Khiva, the Khanate of Kokand, Bukhara, Samarkand, Kazakhs

V.N. Kazin. “Yong-le da dian” the manuscript from the Library of the Leningrad State University. Graduate thesis. Preface and publication by I.F. Popova - 151
The work published here was written in 1934 as a diploma paper by Vsevolod Nikolaevich Kazin, who died during the Leningrad Blockade. V.N. Kazin was a historian and linguist. He worked at the State Hermitage in 1934-1942, where he prepared expositions on culture and art of China and studied history of China under the Yuan dynasty and history of the Tangut State Western Xia. V.N. Kazin’s thesis is kept in his personal fund in the Archives of Orientalists of the Institute of Oriental Manuscripts, RAS (F. 133. Inv. 1, unit 1, f. 23). It appears to be the first academic article in Russian where the authenticity and true scientific value of the encyclopedia Yong-le da dian had been shown and where its volumes stored in the Library of the Oriental Faculty of the Petersburg-Leningrad State University in 1912-1958 are described. It is published for the first time.
Keywords: V.N. Kazin, Chinese bibliography, “Yong-le da dian”, Library of the Leningrad State University
V.Y. Krasnodembsky. The Veddas. Preface and publication by Y.V. Tanonova - 192
Valery Yevgenievitch Krasnodembsky (1907-1942) was a talented indologist, the first specialist in the Marathi language in the Soviet Union. Having survived the first Blockade winter of 1941-1942, he unfortunately got an incurable disease and died on his way to evacuation in the spring of 1942. The article “The Veddas” by Valery Y. Krasnodembsky is dedicated to the Veddas, an autochtonous tribe of Ceylon island. It was the first description of the Vedda tribe in the Russian language. This work was conceived by V.Y. Krasnodembsky in the mid-thirties of the last century as a part of the two-volume edition of Ethnographical Studies of the Peoples of Foreign Countries, but has never been published. Bearing handwritten marks of the author, its typescript is kept in the Archives of Orientalists, Institute of Oriental Manuscripts, RAS (F. 92. Inv. 1, unit 4).
Keywords: V.Y. Krasnodembsky, Marathi language studies in Russia, the first Marathi-Russian dictionary, Ceylon

V.P. Taranovich. About Literary Materials on Oriental studies kept in the collections of Kazan. Preface and publication by T.A. Pang - 217
The article by V.P. Taranovich was written in 1939, after his visit to Kazan where he had studied the Oriental collections of the Tatar Autonomous Republic’s Central Archives and the Library of the Kazan university. Among the books and manuscripts on Chinese and Mongolian studies, the author has listed previously unknown manuscripts which were donated by H. Bichurin to the Kazan Theological Academy. The description of the material is followed by a history of Oriental studies in Kazan. Nowadays the typewritten text of the article is kept in the Archives of the Orientalists at the Institute of Oriental Manuscripts, RAS (F. 102, unit 4).
Keywords: Oriental studies, Sinology, Mongol studies, Central Archives of the Tatarstan Republic, V.P. Taranovich, N.Ya. Bichurin (Hyacinth)

К.К. Flug. Chao Gong-wu and his bibliography “Yun zhai du shu zhi”. Preface and publication by I.F. Popova - 236
The article was written in the late 1930s by an outstanding expert in Chinese bibliography Konstantin Konstantinovich Flug (1893-1942), who died in the Leningrad Blockade on January 13, 1942. The text was conceived as a part of his doctoral thesis and is stored in K.K. Flug’s personal fund in the Archives of Orientalists of the Institute of Oriental Manuscripts, RAS (F. 73, Inv. 1, unit 12). The paper introduces a review of contents and history of creation of the well-known Chinese bibliography “Zun zhai du shu zhi” (“Bibliographic Notes from the Regional Governor’s Office”), which was compiled by the scholar and collector of the Song dynasty Chao Gong-wu (1105-1180). It apparently formed the subject of a substantial part of Flug’s works on bookpublishing in China. A part of article was included in the posthumous edition of the K.K. Flug’s monography prepared by Z.I. Gorbacheva - “History of Chinese printed books under the Song dynasty” (Moscow-Leningrad, 1959). It is published completely for the first time.
Keywords: K.K. Flug, Chinese bibliography, printed books, Song Dynasty, Chao Gong-wu, “Yun zhai du shu zhi”

V.D. Yakimov. The Khubilgans. Preface and publication by I. V. Kulganek & A. V. Popov - 286
The article “The Khubilgans” by V.D.Yakimov has not been published before. Its handwritten text is kept in the Archives of Orientalists of IOS, RAS. (F. 83. Inv. 1, unit 19). V.D. Yakimov, a mongolist-historian, a scholar of the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, was killed at the Leningrad front during the Great Patriotic War. The article was written at the end of the 1930s and constitutes one of the chapters from his unpublished book The Origin and Development of the Buddhist Church in Mongolia. In the article, the author describes what the Khubilgans were and how widespread this phenomenon was in Mongolia.
Keywords: Archives, manuscript, V.D. Yakimov, buddhism, Mongolia, khubilgan

The Institute of Oriental Studies in 1945. Preface and publication by S.I. Marakhonova - 318
These materials are believed to have been prepared for the special issue, of the wall newspaper of the Leningrad Branch of the Institute of Oriental Studies, RAS, dedicated to the 30th anniversary of the Victory and including war-time memoirs of its veteran members. They were rewritten and edited by D.E. Bertels who was the Institute’s “biographer”. The notes deal with the memoirs of researchers of the Institute who participated in World War II and of some scholars who stayed in Tashkent where the Institute was evacuated.
Keywords: World War II, The Institute for Oriental Studies, Leningrad Branch, Archives

The list of the Orientalists and members of the staff of the Institute of Oriental Studies who died during the World War 2 and the Siege of Leningrad - 340

Abbreviations - 342

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