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Benická J. Chan Buddhism and Huayan: Yongjue Yuanxian (1578-1657) on the Five Positions” (wu wei) Theory of Dongshan Liangjie // Written Momuments of the Orient [Письменные памятники Востока], 2(9), 2008. P. 243-255.


Early Chan Buddhism (in particular the so-called Northern Chan School) is often said to have heavily relied on Huayan thought, as developed by Fazang (643-712) and his disciples on the basis of the Avatamsaka-sutra. With the demise of that school, and the rise of its rival, the Southern School, in the mid-eighth century, the importance of Huayan thought was downplayed. It nevertheless continued to influence some trends of Chan. Gui-feng Zongmi (780-841), a patriarch of the Huayan School, played for instance a significant role as author of one of the first Chan “histories”. Even after Zongmi, and de¬spite Chan’s alleged “anti-intellectualism”, Huayan continued to influence certain trends of Chan, in particular the more intellectual Caodong (J. Sōtō) school, founded by Dong- shan Liangjie (807-869) and his disciple Caoshan Benji (804-901)...

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Keywords


Buddhist Doctrine
Chan Buddhism
Chinese Buddhism
Dongshan Liangjie
the “Five Positions”Theory
Huayan
WMO, selected papers
Yongjue Yuanxian

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