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Kychanov E. / 葉甫根尼•克恰諾夫. Dunhuang as Part of the Tangut Empire (982—1227) / 敦煌作為西夏王國疆域的一部分(982—1227) // Dunhuang Studies: Prospects and Problems for the Coming Second Century of Research / 敦煌學:第二個百年的研究視角與問題. St. Petersburg: Slavia Publishers, 2012. P. 127—130.


The toponym Dunhuang can not be found in the original Tangut sources. It is obvious, however, that Dunhuang was a part of the Shazhou district, which was the most westerly region of the Tangut Empire. We find Dunhuangjun on the old map of Xia-Xia which was dated to the period between 1066 and 1081. Shazhou is mentioned in 1036 in Sung shi (ch. 485) among the other 15 districts of the Xi-Xia Empire. About this period Shazhou was regained from the Uighur people by the Tanguts. By the end of the 12th c., the territory of Xi-Xia was divided into 22 districts. Shazhou was mentioned as one of nine districts situated to the west of Huang He. At the end of the 12th c. and at the beginning of the 13th c. the Tangut Empire occupied a vast territory, from Dunhuang in the west to the banks of Huang He in the Mizhi region in the east, (1,400 km) and from Xining in the south to the embouchement of the Ejin-Gol river in the north (about 650 km). We can experi¬ence this distance even now, when driving by car for three hours along a modern asphalt road from Mizhi to Yinchuan, for perhaps 5 or 6 hours from Yinchuan to Wuwei (Liangzhou), and 10 hours from Yinchuan to Ejina...

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Shazhou
Xi-Xia

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