Senior Researcher at the IOM RAS
1948-1953 - the student of Leningrad State University, Department of Oriental Studies.
1953-1957 - the post-graduate student of the Institute of linguistics of Academy of Sciences of USSR.
1957-1966 - the junior researcher of Leningrad Branch of the Institute of Linguistics of Academy of Sciences of USSR.
From 1966 up to 2015 - junior researcher, from 1977, senior researcher of the Leningrad/St. Petersburg Branch of the Institute of Oriental Studies / Institute of Oriental Manuscripts of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Major research interests: old Uigur texts, Uigur Buddhism.